DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount:200 USD

Category: Sybil, Uniswap, delegates, delegation-based governance, Twitter, Web3.0, on-chain addresses, digital identities

Contributor:Jones, Julie,DAOctor @DAOrayaki

Sybil简介:

Sybil 是由“Uniswap”于 2020 年12 月 15 日公开发布的用于发现委托的治理工具。Sybil 将链上地址映射到数字身份用以维护委托列表。这些经过验证的映射是公开的,任何人都可以使用。

项目总结:

在说 Sybil 之前,我们首先需要了解一下协议背后的项目,即“Uniswap”,2018 年 11 月 2 日,Uniswap 被公布并部署到以太坊主网上。在一个激动人心、令人焦虑的时刻,Uniswap 团队之一的Hayden Adam 在他的拥有200 名粉丝的账号上发布了推文。对于很多人来说,还是第一次听说这个项目。但是对于 Uniswap 团队来说,这是经过多年的努力。

2017 年 7 月 6 日,Hayden 接受了朋友“Karl Floersch”的建议,开始进入区块链社区,特别是“以太坊”社区,经过相当长的时间获取知识,Hayden 终于抓住了在“Vitalik”上公布和介绍的机会去建立一个自动做市商,今天被称为“Uniswap”。

从那时起,Uniswap 不断升级以提供更好的加密货币便利化工具,直到达到“Sybil”,我们有兴趣在本研究报告中讨论。Sybil 的成立是希望为了更多地采用 Uniswap 的治理系统,并鼓励现有和未来的 Uniswap委托验证他们的身份,使委托人更容易发现和接触他们的社区代表。

为什么委托如此重要?

链上治理系统的试验热度不减,有充分理由使社区所有权减少单点故障,随着协议逐步发展成类似于传统服务的产品——尽管采用结构上的去中心化方式——它们本身需要具有良好的管理。

代币持有者有委托选票或代表自己的能力,这是链上治理系统成功的关键,允许高质量的社区成员建立有意义的影响力,并允许小的代币持有者以具有代表性的方式参与。对于 Uniswap 团队来说,最成功的协议是能够吸引到最好和参与度最高社区的协议。 然而,

作为一个新兴的初代的基于委托的治理系统,仍然增加了一些基础设施。

项目介绍:

Sybil 将链上地址映射到数字标识上,以便维护授权列表,而无需用户注册、链上交易和手动记录保存。然而,Sybil 仅与 Twitter 有合作,就目前而言,Sybil 的验证流程有 3 步。稍后,我们将简要解释这3个步骤。

简而言之,Sybil 的目的是为代币持有者提供一种简单的方法来确权,并以此增加协议开发过程的参与度。 然而,在谈到隐私话题的时候,加密社区的一些成员担心这个系统的隐私性,尤其那些在 Twitter 上没有匿名的人。

Uniswap 的第一次治理投票以失败告终,尽管 98% 的投票支持提议变更,但成功投票所需的总人数仍少于约 400,000票。之后,在 2020 年 11 月 2 日,另一项针对空投 UNI 代币的治理提案以不到 250 万个投票的 UNI 代币数量而未能成功。

对 Uniswap 当前治理体系的主要担忧归结为在提出治理建议时参与人数不足以达到法定人数。另一方面,Uniswap 希望 Sybil 的治理机制能够增加采用 Uniswap 治理体系。

Sybil 功能:

首先,让我们从 Sybil 是如何工作开始,下面的短视频由 Uniswap 团队提供,作为演示。

现在我们解释我们之前谈到的关于验证流的 3 步过程:

1- 用户必须先登录 Twitter 并连接到 Web3 钱包。

2- 用户使用他们的私钥签署一条包含他们的 Twitter定位的消息。

3- 最后,为了完成验证,用户从他们的 Twitter 帐户发布这条消息。

用户通过验证后,他们的 Twitter 定位将与他们的以太坊地址匹配,并将出现在 Sybil 界面上与其关联的投票计数旁。 通过这个过程,基本上Uniswap启动了一个与 Twitter用户相关的链上委托。

Sybil拓展:

在发布时,Sybil 支持 Uniswap 和 Compound 的委托列表,但其映射工具可用于显示任何项目的公共身份。除此之外,跨平台协作身份,用户只需为每个身份进行一次 Sybil 验证。目前,Sybil 仅与 Twitter 集成,虽然架构允许其它服务作为诸如GitHub的认证方法,Uniswap团队即将采取相关行动。

Sybil 案例:

Sybil 的案例超出了委托范围。地址对社会身份的映射可用于交易和游戏排行以及基于以太坊消息传递等功能。同样,Sybil 验证过程不限于 Sybil.org 界面。下面的文档直接提供了从现有界面支持 Sybil 验证过程和围绕列表创建运行自定义验证流程的详细步骤。

授权与治理:

去中心化治理势头强劲,但参与度仍然很低。最重要的是Uniswap 认识到这一点,因为他们之前的提案没有达到通过所需的选民参与法定人数。

委托正在成为一种标准的解决方案,让原本没有时间或动力参与的用户仍然可以发声。通过将他们的投票委托给一个受人尊敬的人物或组织,他们可以分享这些用户的观点,这些用户可以在紧急治理系统中保持选举权。Synthetix进一步采取这一步,推出当选代表的Spartan委员会。

团队成员:

l Hayden Adams – 创始人、首席执行官和董事会成员,Hayden 是 Uniswap 的创始人,Uniswap 是建立在以太坊上使用最广泛的去中心化应用程序之一。 在加入 Uniswap 之前,Hayden 是西门子的一名工程师。 他于 2016 年毕业于石溪大学,获得工程学学士学位。

¨ LinkedIn Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/haydenadams/

l Ian Lapham – Uniswap 的软件工程师,从 2019 年至今。在此之前,Ian 作为 LOFT Innovation 团队的一员,在 John Hancock 担任区块链工程师一年多时间。Ian 在布朗大学获得了计算机科学学士学位。

¨ LinkedIn Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ianlapham/

l Marvin Ammori – Uniswap的首席法务官和“Carrot Capital”的合伙人,Marvin 是一位看中价值的投资者。他投资了债务减免、药物研发和医疗无人机领域的初创公司。作为一名经验丰富的总法律顾问和初创公司高管,他在职业生涯的早期阶段是美国在线言论自由和网络中立的主要倡导者。他毕业于哈佛法学院。

¨ Twitter Account: https://twitter.com/ammori

未来:

目前 Sybil 界面仅支持通过 Twitter 验证。Github 等其他社交媒体平台也被证明可用。 随着时间的推移,可能会添加对这些平台的支持,并且新条目将被格式化存于共享的 JSON 文件中。

更多验证渠道:

目前,该界面是用户使用 Sybil 进行验证的唯一简单方法。但是,将来可能会内置更多验证 UI。这可以采用独立站点或嵌入其他 web3 UI中的验证流程的形式。

总而言之,Sybil 是一个有意义的治理工具,我们希望它在未来能让更多的选民参与使用。像Uniswap 和 Compound 被认为是第一代,其他治理工具也逐步发展起来,例如 Aave、PoolTogether 和 Radicle,导致随着生态系统继续向头部产品迈进,集成了更多协议。

联系方式:

-       Official website: https://sybil.org/

-       Twitter Account: https://twitter.com/uniswap/

-       Discord: https://discord.gg/K9Dtw4d6

-       Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/UniSwap/

Sybil: A governance tool for discovering delegates.

DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount:200 USD

Category: Sybil, Uniswap, delegates, delegation-based governance, Twitter, Web3.0, on-chain addresses, digital identities

Contributor:Jones, Julie,DAOctor @DAOrayaki

Brief Overview About Sybil:

Sybil is a governance tool for discovering delegates developed by “Uniswap” publicly announced on 15th December, 2020.  Sybil maps on-chain addresses to digital identities to maintain a list of delegates. These verified mappings are public and open for anyone to use.

Project summary:

Before we speak about Sybil, we first need to come across the project behind such a protocol, which is “Uniswap”, On November 2,2018, Uniswap was publicly announced and deployed to the Ethereum mainnet. In an exciting, anxiety-inducing moment Hayden Adam one of the Uniswap team fired off the announcement tweets for his ~200 followers. For many people, this was the first time they heard of the project. But for Uniswap team this came after years of hard work and a huge amount of help along the way.

On July 6th, 2017, Hayden took his friend “Karl Floersch” advice and start to get into blockchain community specifically “Ethereum”, after a quite amount of time for knowledge acquiring Hayden finally took a chance that was announced and described by “Vitalik” to build an automated market maker, which is known today as “Uniswap”.

And from that time Uniswap kept upgrading to provide better tools for crypo-currencies facilitation to the point it reached “Sybil”, which we are interested in talking about in this research report. Sybil has been founded for the hope of growing the adoption of Uniswap’s governance system and encouraging both existing and future Uniswap delegates to verify their identities, making it easier for delegators to discover and engage with their community representatives.

Why delegation has such an importance?

Experimentation with on-chain governance systems continues to gain popularity, and for good reason community ownership reduces single points of failure and as protocols begin to develop into products that resemble legacy services – albeit in a structurally decentralized fashion – they naturally require good management.

The ability for token holders to delegate their votes, or to stand as a delegate themselves, is key to the success of on-chain governance systems, allowing for high quality community members to build meaningful influence and otherwise marginalized token holders to engage in a representative fashion. For Uniswap team the most successful protocols are the ones that are able to attract the best and the most engaged communities. Yet as an emerging primitive, delegation-based governance systems are still gaining some important infrastructure.

Project introduction:

Sybil maps on-chain addresses to digital identifies in order to maintain a list of delegates without the need for user signups, on-chain transactions, and manual record keeping. Sybil is solely integrated with Twitter, however, and as it stands the verification flow with Sybil is a 3-step process. Later on, we are going to briefly explain this 3-step process.

Simply put, Sybil’s purpose is to provide a simple way for governance token holders to identify their community representatives, and in doing so grow engagement in the protocol’s development process. However, when it comes to privacy, some members of the crypto community were concerned regarding the privacy aspect of such a system, especially those who are not pseudonymous on Twitter.

Uniswap’s first-ever governance vote ended in failure, despite 98% of the votes being cast in favor of a proposed change, the total number needed for a successful vote fell short by about 400,000. After that, on Novermber, 2nd, of 2020, another governance proposal to Airdrop UNI tokens fell short by little less than 2.5 million voted UNI tokens.

It seems that the main concern with respect to Uniswap’s current governance system comes down to inadequate engagement to reach a quorum when governance proposals arise. From the other hand, Uniswap hopes Sybil’s governance mechanism will increase the adoption of Uniswap’s governance system.

Everything About Sybil Functionalities:

First of all, let’s start with how does Sybil works, the short video below is provided by the uniswap team as a self-explanatory demonstration.

Now we explain the 3-step process we spoke about earlier concerning the flow verification:

1-   Users must first sign into Twitter and connect to a Web3 Wallet.

2-  Users sign a message that includes their Twitter handle using their private key.

3- Finally, in order to complete the verification, users tweet this message from their Twitter Account.

Once a user has been verified, their Twitter handle is matched to their Ethereum address and will appear on the Sybil interface next to their associated vote count. Through this process, Uniswap essentially launched an on-chain delegation tied to Twitter Usernames.

Extending Sybil:

At launch, Sybil supports both Uniswap and Compound’s delegate lists but its mapping tool can be used to display public identities for any project. In addition to that, Identities work cross-platform, so users will only ever need to go through Sybil verification once per identity. For now, Sybil is solely integrated with Twitter, although the architecture allows for any other service to act as an authentication method such as GitHub which is coming soon according to the Uniswap team.

Sybil Use cases:

Sybil’s use cases extend beyond delegation. The mapping of addresses to social identities can be leveraged for features like trading and gaming leaderboards, as well as Ethereum-based messaging. Similarly, the Sybil verification process is not constrained to the Sybil.org interface. The documentation below provides detailed steps for both supporting the Sybil verification process directly from your existing interface and running custom verification flows around list creation.

Delegation and Governance:

Decentralized governance has been gaining momentum, but participation still remains low. Uniswap most of all recognise this, as their previous proposal didn’t reach the quorum of voter participation necessary to pass.

Delegation is becoming a standard solution, allowing users who would otherwise not have the time or motivation to participate still have their voice heard. By delegating their votes to a respected figure or organization who share their views, these users can remain enfranchised in emergent governance systems. Synthetix have taken this one step further, launching a Spartan Council of elected representatives.

Team members:

¡ Hayden Adams – Founder, CEO and Board Member, Hayden is founder of Uniswap, one of the most widely used decentralized applications built on Ethereum. Prior to Uniswap, Hayden was an engineer at Siemens. He graduated from Stony Brook Unviersity with a bachelor in engineering in 2016.

¨ LinkedIn Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/haydenadams/

¡ Ian Lapham – Software Engineer at Uniswap from 2019 till now. Before that, Ian worked as a Blockchain Engineer at John Hancock for more than one year as a part of the LOFT Innovation team. Ian got his B.S, degree in Computer science at the Brown University.

¨ LinkedIn Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ianlapham/

¡ Marvin Ammori – Chief Legal Officer at Uniswap and a Partner at “Carrot Capital, Marvin is a mission-driven investor. He has invested in startups in debt-relief, drug discovery, and healthcare delivery drones. An experienced general counsel and startup executive, he spent the early part of his career as the nation’s leading advocate for freedom-of-speech online and for net neutrality. He graduated from Harvard Law School.

¨ Twitter Account: https://twitter.com/ammori

Future:

Currently the Sybil interface only supports verification through Twitter. Other social media platforms like Github may prove to be useful as well. Support for these will likely be added over time, and new entries will be formatted to exist in one shared JSON file.

More verification channels:

Right now, the interface is the only easy way for users to verify using Sybil. However, more verification UIs may be built in in the future. This could take the form of standalone sites, or verification flows embedded within other web3 UIs.

Point of the line, Sybil looks to be a helpful governance tool, and we hope it leads to greater voter participation in the future. Uniswap and Compound are considered the first ones, but other governances also join such as Aave, PoolTogether and Radicle leading to many more protocols integrated as the ecosystem continues to move towards delegation.

Contact Information:

-       Official website: https://sybil.org/

-       Twitter Account: https://twitter.com/uniswap/

-       Discord: https://discord.gg/K9Dtw4d6

-       Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/UniSwap/


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