DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount: 200 USD

Category: Decentralized Twitter, Social media, open-source, ActivityPub, federation

Contributor:黑白QB,DAOctor @Daorayaki

I. 什么是微博?

类似于博客是在网站上发布更新的行为,微博是在你的个人资料上的更新流中发布小型更新的行为。你可以发布文本帖子,也可以选择附加媒体,如图片、音频、视频或民意调查。Mastodon让你关注朋友并发现新朋友。

Mastodon是一个新的社交媒体平台,于2016年8月推出。它是一个开源平台,目标是将社交媒体重新掌握在用户手中。

在平台上,它类似于Tweetdeck的环境。如果你已经熟悉Twitter,那么理解Mastodon是没有问题的,因为它在很多方面都与Twitter相似。例如,tweet之于Twitter就像toot之于Mastodon。在Twitter上,你可以发送一条最多包含280个字符的推文tweet;在Mastodon中,你最多可以发送500个字符的Toot。除此以外,用户的界面、环境和你看到其他用户的Toot的方式都与Twitter基本相同。你可以使用Mastodon关注其他用户,甚至提升(或转发)他们的Toot。

然而,它与Twitter不同,因为Mastodon作为社会媒体不是由一家公司拥有。相反,任何开发者或任何懂得代码的人都可以复制Mastodon的代码并运营他们自己的服务器(通常被称为实例)。

II. Mastodon是如何工作的?

用户如何在Mastodon社交媒体平台上互动

由于Mastodon和Twitter的外观和感觉是一样的,很容易得出结论,基本的东西是差不多的。Mastodon中的实例或服务器允许用户在平台上进行交互。规则是由服务器管理员设置的,他也是该社区的一部分。如果任何一个规则与你想发布的内容不匹配,你最好的选择是找一个不同的服务器来注册你的帐户。

然而,这些实例的优点在于它们可以跨服务器进行通信。这意味着,如果一个朋友使用服务器a,尽管你使用的是服务器b,你仍然可以关注他们的帐号,查看他们的toots,并与他们进行交互。这是一个被开发者称为“联邦服务器”的协议,活动可以通过他们称为“ActivityPub”的协议进行。

您可以通过两种方式与用户和toots进行交互:(1)本地时间轴,在您的实例中显示来自用户的toots;(2)联邦时间轴,显示来自您所关注的用户的toots,无论您在哪个服务器上。

Mastodon如何与其他平台合作

ActivityPub决定了服务器将如何处理用户帖子以及交互应该如何发生。其他应用程序也在使用ActivityPub,正因为如此,许多应用程序和平台现在都成为了大型社交网络的一部分。这意味着乳齿象社交媒体用户可以通过一个实现ActivityPub的平台跟踪用户。这些用户发布的任何帖子都会出现在彼此的feed上。简单地说,想象一下用你的Twitter账号关注Instagram上的其他用户,看看他们在自己的信息流上发布了什么——也就是说,这些平台是否会实现ActivityPub。

此外,跨开源平台的交互之所以成为可能,是因为它们还实现了我们所说的OStatus标准。OStatus是一种用于分布式状态更新的协议,它利用了一系列开放协议,如Atom、Activity Streams、PubSubHubbub、Salmon等。该协议有助于联邦服务器协议的整体有效性。

每个Mastodon社交媒体服务器有规则吗?

像Facebook和Twitter这样的大型社交媒体平台在一家母公司的旗帜下运营。然后,该公司起草了一套所有用户都应该遵守的规则。之前我们曾指出,这是社交媒体巨头的集中化协议的一部分。然而,对于乳齿象来说,情况并非如此。

每个服务器由管理员运行;该管理员也是该服务器社区的一部分。他们决定用户应该遵循的规则。如果这些规则不符合您的发帖模式,您可以选择在不同的服务器下设置您的帐户。除此之外,没有多少规则可循。ActivityPub不负责制定任何规则;它只是一个协议,决定了用户如何用toot上进行交互。

III. 联邦是什么?

联邦是去中心化的一种形式。不是所有的人都使用单一的中央服务,而是有多个服务,任何数量的人都可以使用。

集中化的等级

示例

中心化

Twitter、Facebook、Instagram

联邦

电子邮件、XMPP、电话网络、物理邮件

分布式

BitTorrent, IPFS, Scuttlebutt

乳齿象网站可以单独运作。就像传统网站一样,人们在上面注册,发消息,上传图片,互相交谈。与传统网站不同,乳齿象网站可以互操作,让用户彼此交流;就像你可以从你的Gmail帐户发送电子邮件给某人从Outlook, Fastmail, Protonmail,或任何其他电子邮件提供商,只要你知道他们的电子邮件地址,你可以提到或消息任何人在任何网站使用他们的地址。

从左到右:集中式、联邦式、分布式

平台如何调节用户?

联邦服务器吸引人的地方在于,每个服务器都可以设置自己的规则和调节策略。这与我们在大型社交媒体平台上看到的一个核心条款和条件相反。知道了每个服务器都有一个审核策略,用户就有机会选择一个与他们的发布模式匹配的审核策略的服务器。

每个服务器都有主持人的另一个好处是,如果一个服务器宕机了,整个平台仍然可以运行。在这种情况下,整个平台不会关闭。此外,由于每个服务器都有管理员的规则,所以在乳齿象中可以进行大量的管理员管理,而在Twitter中,一个由管理员组成的小团队负责分配数百万条tweets。

IV. 如何使用Mastodon

那么如何开始使用乳齿象呢?和其他社交媒体平台一样,你首先要创建一个账户。但不同于其他社交媒体,您首先必须选择一个服务器或实例,您想创建一个帐户。正如您已经知道的,您需要选择一个实例来匹配您的发布模式。

注册一个乳齿象帐户

下面是在乳齿象建立账户的指南。

1. 使用你的台式机或笔记本电脑访问joinmastodon.org,然后点击“开始”。

2. 选择一个社区。在屏幕的左上角是您可能想要加入的社区类别。

3. 一旦您选择了社区,如果您从该社区中选择了一个实例,请单击Join。

4. 接下来,填写您的用户名、电子邮件和密码来完成您的个人资料。点击“我同意服务器规则”,然后点击注册。

5. 验证注册时使用的电子邮件地址。

6. 一旦完成,您将被引导到一个看起来像Tweetdeck的页面。这是你的乳齿象主页。从这里开始,我们可以看到一个熟悉的Twitter故事;您可以开始关注其他帐户,发送您的第一个Toot,并在此过程中与其他Toot交互。

从Mastodon.org截图

设置实例/服务器

如果您想创建自己的社区和Instance,这比使用预先存在的服务器创建自己的帐户要复杂一些。这个需要编码方面的知识因为它确实涉及编码。尽管如此,如果你是一名开发人员,或者你想创建自己的乳齿象服务器,以下是如何做到这一点的概要:

1. 建立SSH连接,然后安装Docker。

2. 使用Docker Compose设置代码。

3. 安装乳齿象。

4. 接下来,添加你的Mailgun账户。

5. 确保Nginx已启用。

6. 获得SSL证书并启动乳齿象。

7. 自动化任务和管理乳齿象。

8. 刷新SSL。

您完成了,您可以开始邀请用户使用您的服务器注册他们的帐户。从这里开始,您可以确定要遵守的策略。

加入某人的实例/服务器

在上面的注册部分,我们讨论了如何从您选择的服务器注册一个帐户。因此,让我们假设您想退出是因为您不同意您注册的Instance的策略。您可以选择一个不同的实例吗?当然可以!当你这么做的时候,乳齿象会跟踪你的粉丝并将你的旧账户标记为不活跃。下面是如何做到这一点:

1. 进入设置,然后点击导入和导出。我们在这里所做的是备份您的数据,为迁移做准备。

2. 单击Data export选项卡并选择Request Your Archive。

3. 在此过程中,您可以返回到乳齿象的主页面,并选择另一个服务器进行登录。

4. 接下来,一旦您的存档准备好了。使用您的新帐户,进入设置,然后点击导入和导出。

5. 单击Import选项卡。

6. 选择要导入的数据。

7. 接下来,选择是合并新服务器帐户中的数据还是覆盖这些数据。

8. 点击上传。

这将把存档文件中的任何数据从您的旧帐户转移到另一个服务器下的新乳齿象帐户。

V. Mastodon有应用程序吗?

乳齿象是一个基于网络的社交媒体服务。它在这方面与Tweetdeck非常相似,而且没有针对Android和iOS的移动应用程序。然而,有第三方应用程序可以把乳齿象社交媒体带到你的移动设备上。

最好的乳齿象应用程序

以下是第三方客户端应用程序,您可以使用它在您的移动设备上访问乳齿象。乳齿象在其网站上亲自推荐这些应用程序。

1. Tusky for Mastodon

图片来自谷歌Play Store

这款轻量级的乳齿象客户端应用程序具有乳齿象中常见的任务,包括上传照片和视频,发送嘟嘟声,推动(或转发)嘟嘟声,制作列表,使用自定义表情符号等等。此应用程序仅适用于Android设备,可从谷歌Play Store免费下载。

在“乳齿象”上注册使用这个应用程序将会困难得多,因为它需要基本的乳齿象知识。因此,建议你先用你的电脑注册,然后在app上登录你的账户。尽管如此,用户说使用这款应用程序就像一二三一样轻松愉快。

2. Subway Tooter

来自谷歌Play Store

Subway Tooter是Android用户的另一个选择。这个应用程序支持多个帐户登录和视图。它还拥有跨帐户操作,这意味着您可以查看活动的两个帐户在一个水平滑动切换列和帐户。Subway Tooter在谷歌Play Store上的评分要比Tusky高得多,用户表示,在享受这款应用之前,你需要先习惯它。它也是免费的,所以这是一个额外的好处。

3. Toot!

Dag Agren在苹果应用商店

toots!是Mastodon的iOS设备客户端应用程序。我们喜欢这个应用程序的原因是它从本地实例捕获数据的速度有多快。然而,这款应用并不是免费的,所以从3.99美元中抽点现金是必要的。然而,如果你在发现乳齿象之前就喜欢Twitter,你会发现这款应用的用户界面很熟悉。一些用户甚至报告说,这是最完整的乳齿象客户端应用程序。

4. Amaroq

John Gabelmann在苹果应用商店

Amaroq将是iOS设备上最好的免费乳齿象客户端应用程序。喜欢炫耀!它与Twitter的UI有相似之处,所以用户在浏览应用本身时不会有困难。Amaroq提供了乳齿象上的常见任务,包括查看本地或联邦时间线。它还可以支持多个实例。

VI. Mastodon社交媒体安全吗?

由于乳齿象并不是一家大公司的专有产品——它的开源特性允许任何知道代码的人制作他/她自己的服务器——我们在这个平台上分享的一切都是去中心化的。这与Twitter形成了对比,在Twitter上,我们在平台上分享的信息最终会成为Twitter及其公司的一部分。乳齿象从这个想法中脱离出来。可以肯定的是,乳齿象没有利用我们在平台上共享的数据和任何信息。然而,他们对捐赠是开放的,因为让我们面对它,运行服务器不是一个公益性的业务。

每个帐户都在特定的服务器或乳齿象中的实例下创建。这些实例由管理员创建,管理员将决定每个服务器中的策略审核。但是,这并不限制用户跟踪使用不同服务器注册的其他帐户。这只是意味着你可以安全地发布任何你喜欢的内容,如果符合服务器政策,社区将高度参与你的内容。

在这种情况下,这使得乳齿象可以安全地用于任何人,比如信息自由的支持者,或黑人生命重要,或用户的任何兴趣。与Twitter不同的是,如果一篇帖子违反了一般条款和条件,用户要么就会被删除该帖子,要么就会被删除该账号。然而,乳齿象也关闭仇恨言论,这是每一个社交媒体网站都应该做的事情。

但我们最喜欢梅斯顿的是一个名为“内容警告”的功能,这也使它成为一个安全的空间。这是一个内置的功能选项,允许任何用户发布警告,可能会触发人们甚至在他们查看内容之前。

Mastodon vs Twitter

乳齿象和Twitter之间有很多不同之处。一个简单的区别是,作为一家公司,Twitter拥有在该平台上共享的信息,并可能利用这些数据来推动其财务目标,而乳齿象却没有这样做。就用户界面而言,这两个平台确实很相似;从一种转换到另一种完全不是问题。然而,虽然Twitter有一个针对移动设备和个人电脑的官方应用程序,但乳齿象纯粹是基于在线的。

相比Twitter,我们更喜欢乳齿象的一点是,前者能够抵抗审查。因此,尽管它重视言论自由,但它仍然限制任何形式的仇恨言论。由于Mastodon的每个服务器都有自己的政策和管理员,所以很容易对帖子进行审核,而在Twitter上审核可能需要时间。

另一件事是,乳齿象不应用在Twitter上看到的相同算法来安排你在你的feed上首先看到什么。在《乳齿象》中,时间线是按时间顺序排列的。而Twitter的时间线是由算法操纵的。

最后,乳齿象是无广告的。这意味着,你很少会看到广告,主要是因为乳齿象是由社区资助的,而不是基于广告的平台。

Mastodon vs Discord

还记得我们提到过乳齿象是开源软件吗?这意味着任何人都可以获得这些代码,安装它们,并在自己的域名下使用它们,从而建立一个联合的社交网络。一些应用程序和开发者采用了同样的理念来发布自己的产品。他们不一定使用乳齿象的密码。

输入不和谐。Discord是一个由服务器软件运行的社交网络平台。这意味着,当使用Discord时,你可以加入一个已经存在的社区,或者创建自己的社区,在那里你可以分享语音和视频信息。

由此,我们可以看出乳齿象和不和谐之间的区别。就平台上可能发生的交流而言,Discord更像Skype,而乳齿象则在许多方面表现得像Twitter。这使得Discord非常适合实时对话,尤其是当你在玩电子游戏时。另一方面,乳齿象更喜欢准实时对话。

VII. 收获

不可否认,大型社交媒体公司一直在通过我们在其平台上发布的信息来实现自己的财务目标。这就是为什么除了Twitter和Facebook之外,用户还可以优先考虑数据隐私,而不被公司以任何原因利用。

乳齿象是一个值得注意的替代Twitter。推特是一家公司和平台,在过去10年里凭借其优势积累了大量粉丝,但他们利用我们的数据所做的事情背后的真相,至少可以说是像黑镜子一样。从Twitter转向乳齿象可能太过了,尤其是如果你所有的朋友都使用Twitter的话。但如果你权衡利弊,你是愿意让自己的数据用于他人的经济收益,还是完全保护自己的数据?

VIII. 联系方式

官网: https://joinmastodon.org/

Github:https://github.com/mastodon/mastodon

Blog:https://blog.joinmastodon.org/

Twitter:https://twitter.com/joinmastodon?lang=en

Mastodon: An open-source and decentralized social media platform

DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount: 200 USD

Category: Decentralized Twitter, Social media, open-source, ActivityPub, federation

Contributor:黑白QB,DAOctor @Daorayaki

I. What is a microblog?

Similar to how blogging is the act of publishing updates to a website, microblogging is the act of publishing small updates to a stream of updates on your profile. You can publish text posts and optionally attach media such as pictures, audio, video, or polls. Mastodon lets you follow friends and discover new ones.

Mastodon is a new social media platform launched in August 2016. It is an open-source platform with a target to put social media back in the hands of users.

On the platform, it resembles the environment of Tweetdeck. Mastodon is no-brainer if you’re already familiar with Twitter, as it resembles it in many respects. For example, a tweet is to Twitter as toot is to Mastodon. On Twitter, you can send a tweet containing a maximum of 280 characters; you can send up to 500 characters Toot in Mastodon. Other than that, the user’s interface, environment, and the way you get to see toots from other users are pretty much the same as in Twitter. You can follow other users using Mastodon and even boost (or retweet) their toots.

However, it is different from Twitter because Mastodon as social media is not owned by one company. Instead, any developer or anyone who knows how to code can copy Mastodon’s code and create their own server (often referred to as Instances).

II. How Does Mastodon Work?

All the talks about servers and we haven’t even touched on the basics of how Mastodon works. Well, below is the rundown of items to answer his question.

How Users Interact on Mastodon Social Media Platform

Since Mastodon looks and feels the same as Twitter, it is easy to conclude that the basics are pretty much the same. Instances or the servers in Mastodon allow user interaction on the platform. Rules are set up by the server’s administrator, who also happens to be part of that community. If any of the rules do not match what you want to post, your best option is to look for a different server to register your account.

However, the beauty of these Instances is that they can communicate across servers. That means, if a friend uses server A, you can still follow their account, view their toots, and interact despite signing up using server B. This is a protocol developers call “federated server” and activities are possible through a protocol they call “ActivityPub.”

You can interact with users and toots in two ways: (1) Local Timeline, which shows toots from users within your Instance; and (2) Federated Timeline, which shows toots from users you follow regardless of the server you are on.

How Mastodon Works With Other Platforms

ActivityPub determines how servers would handle user posts and how the interaction should take place. Other applications are also using ActivityPub and because of this, many applications and platforms are now part of a big pool of massive social networks. That means a Mastodon social media user can follow a user from a platform that implements ActivityPub. And any posts posted by those users will pop up on each other’s feed. Simply put, imagine using your Twitter account to follow other users on Instagram and see what they post on their feeds — that is if these platforms would implement ActivityPub.

Furthermore, the reason why interactions across open-source platforms are possible is that they also implement what we call the OStatus standard. OStatus is a protocol used for distributed status updates that utilize a series of open protocols like Atom, Activity Streams, PubSubHubbub, Salmon, and the likes. This protocol contributes to the overall effectiveness of the federated server protocol.

Are There Rules per Mastodon Social Media Server?

Big social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter operate under the banner of a single parent company. The company then drafts a set of rules that users across the board should observe. Previously, we pointed out that this is part of the centralization protocol in social media giants. However, that is not true for Mastodon.

An administrator runs each server; that administrator is also part of that server community. They get to determine the rules users should follow. And if any of these rules do not match your post patterns, you can choose to set up your account under a different server. Other than that, there aren’t many rules to follow. ActivityPub is not responsible for forming any rules; it is just a protocol that determines how users can interact on a toot.

III. What is federation?

Federation is a form of decentralization. Instead of a single central service that all people use, there are multiple services, that any number of people can use.

Grade of centralization

Examples

Centralized

Twitter, Facebook, Instagram

Federated

Email, XMPP, phone networks, physical mail

Distributed

BitTorrent, IPFS, Scuttlebutt

A Mastodon website can operate alone. Just like a traditional website, people sign up on it, post messages, upload pictures and talk to each other. Unlike a traditional website, Mastodon websites can interoperate, letting their users communicate with each other; just like you can send an email from your Gmail account to someone from Outlook, Fastmail, Protonmail, or any other email provider, as long as you know their email address, you can mention or message anyone on any website using their address.

rom left to right: Centralized, Federated, Distributed

How Does the Platform Moderate Users?

What makes federated servers attractive is that each server can set up its own rules and moderation policies. This is as opposed to the one central terms and conditions we see on big social media platforms. Knowing that each server has a moderation policy, a user has the opportunity to pick a server whose moderation policies match their posting patterns.

Another beauty of having moderators per server is that if a server goes down, the whole platform can still operate. The whole platform does not shut down in this instance. Also, a lot of moderation is possible in Mastodon because of the moderator-per-server rule in contrast to Twitter where a small team of moderators assigned for millions of tweets.

IV. How to Use Mastodon

So how do you start using Mastodon? Same as with other social media platforms, you start by creating an account. But unlike other social media, you first have to choose a server or Instance you want to create an account with. And as you already know, you need to choose an Instance that will match your posting patterns.

Signing Up for a Mastodon Account

Below is a guide in setting up an account in Mastodon.

1. Go to joinmastodon.org using your desktop or laptop and click on Get Started.

2. Choose a community. In the left-hand corner of the screen are categories of communities you might want to be a part of.

3. Once you’ve made your choice of community, click on Join if you have selected an Instance from that community.

Screenshot from Mastodon.org

4. Next, fill in your username, email, and password to complete your profile. Click on “I Agree to server rules” before clicking on Sign Up.

5. Verify the email address used on sign-up.

6. Once done, you will be directed to a page that will look like Tweetdeck. This is your Mastodon home page. From here, it takes a familiar story with Twitter; you can start following other accounts, send your first Toot, and interact with other toots along the way.

Setting Up an Instance/ Server

If you want to create your own community and Instance, it’s a little trickier than creating your own account using a pre-existing server. And this one here requires knowledge in coding because it does involve codes. Nonetheless, if you are a developer or you want to create your own Mastodon server, here’s a rundown of how to do it:

1. Establish SSH Connection then install Docker.

2. Set up code with Docker Compose.

3. Install Mastodon.

4. Next, add your Mailgun account.

5. Make sure Nginx is enabled.

6. Get an SSL Certificate and launch Mastodon.

7. Automate Tasks and Administer Mastodon.

8. Refresh SSL.

You’re done and you can start inviting users to sign up for their accounts using your server. From here on you can determine the policies to be observed.

Joining Someone’s Instance/Server

In the sign-up section above, we discussed how to sign up for an account from a server of your choice. So, let’s assume you want out because you do not agree with the policy of the Instance you signed up with. Can you choose a different Instance? Of course, you can! And when you do, Mastodon will tag your followers along and will label your old account as inactive. So here’s how to do it:

1. Go to Settings and click on Import and Export. What we are doing here is backing up your data in preparation for the migration.

2. Click on the Data export tab and select Request Your Archive.

3. While this is ongoing, you can go back to the main page of Mastodon and select another server to log in.

4. Next, once your archive is ready. Using your new account, go to Settings and click on Import and export.

5. Click on the Import tab.

6. Select the data you wish to import.

7. Next, choose whether you wish to merge the data in your new server account or overwrite them.

8. Click on Upload.

This will move any data from the archive file from your old account to your new Mastodon account under a different server.

V. Does Mastodon Have an App?

Mastodon is an online-based social media service. It is quite similar to Tweetdeck in this respect and does not have a mobile app for Android and iOS. However, there are third-party apps available to bring Mastodon social media to your mobile devices.

Best Mastodon Apps to Use

Here are third-party client apps that you can use to access Mastodon on your mobile devices. These apps are personally recommended by Mastodon on their website.

1. Tusky for Mastodon

Photo by Keyless Palace from Google Play Store

This lightweight Mastodon client app features the common tasks in Mastodon including upload photos and videos, send toot, boost (or retweet) a toot, make a list, and use custom emojis among others. This app is only available to Android devices and is free to download from the Google Play Store.

Signing up using this app on Mastodon will be a lot trickier because it requires basic knowledge of Mastodon. Hence, it is advisable to sign up using your computer and just log in to your account on the app later on. Nonetheless, users say using this app was a joy and easy as one, two, three.

2. Subway Tooter

Photo by tateisu from Google Play Store

Subway Tooter is another option for Android users. This app supports multiple account logins and views. It also boasts cross-account operation, meaning you can view activities for two accounts in one swipe horizontally to switch columns and accounts. Rated fairly higher than Tusky on Google Play Store, Subway Tooter users say the app requires a little getting used to before you can enjoy it. It is also free so that’s an added benefit.

3. Toot!

Photo by Dag Agren on Apple App Store

Toot! is Mastodon’s client app for iOS devices. What we like about this app is how fast it catches data from local Instances for you to read. However, the app is not free so a little cash out of $3.99 is necessary. However, if you are one who enjoyed Twitter before discovering Mastodon, you will find the app’s user interface with a sense of familiarity. Some users even reported that this is the most complete Mastodon client app there is out there.

4. Amaroq

Photo by John Gabelmann on Apple App Store

Amaroq would be the best free Mastodon client app for iOS devices. Like Toot!, it has similarities with the UI of Twitter so users would not have a hard time navigating around the app itself. Amaroq features the common tasks on Mastodon including viewing local or federated timelines. It can also support multiple Instances.

VI. Is Mastodon Social Media Safe?

Since Mastodon is not proprietarily owned by a big single company — its open-source nature allows anyone who knows codes to make his/her own server — everything we share on the platform is decentralized. This is in contrast to, say, Twitter where the information we share on the platform becomes a part of what Twitter and its corporation own at the end of the day. Mastodon unhinges from that idea. It is safe to assume that Mastodon does not capitalize on our data and any information we share on the platform. However, they are open to donations because let us face it, running servers is not a pro bono business.

Each account is created under a specific server or Instance in Mastodon. These Instances are created by an administrator who gets to decide the policy moderation in each server. However, this does not limit a user from following other accounts signed up using a different server. It just means that you are safe to post whatever you like and the community will highly engage with your content if it goes with the server policy.

Under this context, this makes Mastodon safe to use for anyone who is, say, a proponent of the Freedom of Information, or Black Lives Matter, or any interests a user has. In contrast to Twitter, if a post goes against general terms and conditions, a user faces either the post or the account being taken down. However, Mastodon also shuts down hate speech which is something every social media site should be doing.

But what we like the most about Maston, which also makes it a safe space, is a feature called Content Warning. This is an in-built feature option that allows any user to post a warning that might trigger people before they get to even view the content.

Mastodon vs Twitter

Photo by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

There are a number of differences between Mastodon and Twitter. One simple difference is that while Twitter as a corporation gets to own the information shared on the platform and would likely use the data to fuel its financial goal, Mastodon does nothing like that. Both platforms do resemble each other when it comes to the user interface; switching from one to another would not be a problem at all. However, while Twitter has an official app for mobile devices and PC, Mastodon is purely online-based.

What we like about Mastodon over Twitter is that the former is resilient to censorship. So while it values free speech, it still clamps on hate speech of any form. And since each severs in Mastodon has its own policies and moderators, it is easy to moderate posts unlike in Twitter where moderation might take time.

Another thing is, Mastodon does not apply the same algorithms seen on Twitter to arrange what you get to see first on your feed. In Mastodon, the timelines are in chronological order. In contrast to Twitter where timelines are manipulated by algorithms.

Lastly, Mastodon is ad-free. Meaning, you’d rarely see advertisements floating around mainly because Mastodon is community-funded as opposed to ads-based platforms.

Mastodon vs Discord

Remember when we mentioned that Mastodon is open-source software? Meaning anyone can take the codes, install them, and use them under their own domain and make a federated social network. Some apps and developers have adopted the same concept to launch their own products. They do not necessarily use the codes of Mastodon.

Enter Discord. Discord is a social networking platform that is run by server software. This means, when using Discord, you can join a pre-existing community or create your own where you get to share voice and video messages.

With that, we can see the difference between Mastodon and Discord. Discord is more like Skype in terms of the exchanges that may take place in the platform as opposed to Mastodon wherein it behaves like Twitter in many respects. This makes Discord perfect for real-time conversations especially if you are playing video games. On the other hand, Mastodon is more preferred for quasi-real-time conversations.

VII. Takeaway

There is no denying big social media companies have been feeding their financial goals through the information we put out using their platforms. This is why alternatives to Twitter and Facebook are available where data privacy is a priority and are not available for exploitation by corporations for whatever reasons.

Mastodon is a notable alternative to Twitter. Twitter is a company and platform that has amassed a huge following over the past decade because of its benefits but the truth behind what they do with our data is Black Mirror-ish, to say the least. Making a shift to Mastodon from Twitter might be too much, especially if you have all your friends using Twitter. But if you weigh the pros and cons, would you rather have your data used for other people’s financial gains or protect your data altogether?

VIII. Contact Information

Official website: https://joinmastodon.org/

Github:https://github.com/mastodon/mastodon

Blog:https://blog.joinmastodon.org/

Twitter:https://twitter.com/joinmastodon?lang=en


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