DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount:200 USD

Category: Govbase, Metagovernance Project, database, Projects, Organizations, Structures, Documents, Policies, interoperability

Contributor:Jones ,Julie,DAOctor @Daorayaki

Govbase简介:

Govbase 是一个开放的众包数据库,包含用于管理在线社区的项目和工具。 作为重大项目“metagovernance Project”的一部分,面向开发者和研究人员。 Govbase 的灵感来自并借鉴了其他几个映射的数据,包括Civic Tech Field Guide, Democratic Mediums、Democracy Foundation、CredCatalog、DAOs in the Wild、DAObase 和 Participedia。 “Govbase”由“metagovernance Project”团队于 2020 年创立,后者是一个跨学科的研究团体,包括构建数字自治的标准和基础设施。

项目总结:

在线社区如何运行? 不断发展的在线治理领域利用一系列工具来回答这个问题:算法投票、社交媒体平台、社区管理软件、(加密)经济设计,甚至现实世界的法律。 但究竟有哪些工具可用,谁在构建它们,谁在使用它们? Govbase 是一个开放的、众包的在线治理项目管理平台和工具数据库,旨在满足这些需求。

Govbase 是一个在线治理项目管理平台和工具数据库。 它适用于开发人员和研究人员。 它适用于包括以下相关人群:

- 治理软件开发 – 知道什么是存在的,什么是不存在的。

- 社区平台建设和融资——追踪他人的成就以获得清晰的思路。

- 参与项目中– 比较各种不同的项目。

- 在线治理新手 - 希望了解正在发生的事情以及为什么会发生。

虽然 Govbase 可以帮助满足这些需求,但它最初建立是因为背后的团队希望了解从事在线治理工作的人员、技术专家和科学家组成的小组以及在不断发展的生态系统中的协作及交互性的机会。

基本信息:

Govbase 分为三个主要表格:项目、组织和结构。下面我们根据团队描述一一简单的解释一下。

- 项目:包括涉及在线治理的各种软件和研究项目,从 Disclosure 等论坛软件到 SourceCred 和 cadCAD 等计算工具,到 DAOstack 等区块链项目,再到 Open Collective 等社区平台。 Projects 表的目标是包含与在线治理相关的所有工具和项目。

- 组织:是一个不完整的列表,包括离线公司、非营利组织和资助者(如 Enspiral 和自由软件基金会)以及在线社区(如 1Hive、r/teenagers 和 Nurfed)。 Organizations表的目标不是列出所有从事在线治理工作的组织,更不用说网上的所有在线社区,而是为Projects表提供背景。

- 结构:是来自社会科学的概念和治理形式(又名制度模式)的聚合,由子集-超集关系(“是其子集”)、部分整体关系(“是其组成部分”)松散地组织起来,以及社会本体论(“属于本体论”)。目前,它主要是项目标签的来源。

描述

案例

项目

与在线社区相关的平台、软件和研究

Discourse, SourceCred, Open Collective, Aragon

组织

开发、使用或资助项目的组织和社区

Enspiral, MetaGame, Knight Foundation

结构

来自社会科学的概念,用作项目标签的来源

Quadratic voting, futarchy, online community

意见

描述

链接

意图

按发展状况划分的治理项目

项目,分为半成品、活跃,不活跃、废弃

Link to view

全部

DAOs in the Wild v2

 Burrrata’s DAOs 的扩大

Link to view

DAO 的创造者、设计师、研究人员

 

多久开放基础设施?

按开源工具使用情况对社区进行排名

Link to view

社区运营商,开源倡导者

在线治理的资助者

谁资助谁?

Link to view

治理工具的开发者

治理组件

治理组件,根据不同的思想家和设计师

Link to view

政治哲学家

除了这些主要表格之外,团队还努力添加了另外两个名为“文件”、“政策”的表格,其中文件表格涵盖了治理的书面材料,从许可证到行为准则再到现有宪法,而从另一方面,政策表格涵盖了社区平台和治理软件的设置和配置。 Govbase 将能够存储和显示两者表格,作为一种计算宪法的注册表,就像宪法项目作为国家宪法的注册表一样。

表格

描述

案例

文件

与组织或项目的治理直接相关的已发布文本文档,包括代码

Python 许可证、Social.coop 行为准则、OpenStack 基金会章程、Tezos 可执行代码

政策

社区平台和治理软件的已发布设置和配置

1Hive’s instantiation of conviction voting, channels in MetaGame Discord

作为核心,Govbase 被组织为从软件项目列表到治理结构列表的映射——因此如果用户想要创建一个 DAO,他们可以使用“DAO”查询 Govbase,它会返回到一个 DAO 框架列表。 但它也是在线治理中软件项目的可视化地图,它按功能(Aragon、DAOstack 和 MolochDAO 都是 DAO 框架)、按用途(事实证明,很多社区同时使用 Discord 和 Discourse),按资金(Gitcoin 帮助资助了许多治理项目)和按当前的依赖/交互(ActivityPub 是许多去中心化社交平台的“依赖”)。这些地图是了解在线治理中众多利益相关者之间变化性的多中心协作的重要工具; 他们可以帮助导航和形成新的合作,以响应新的需求或共同的目标。

以Aragon网络为例,模拟Govbase的使用:

Aragon 是一个 DAO 框架,这意味着它是实现 DAO 的工具。 它是一个在以太坊上运行并在 Soliditiy 中构建的软件项目,它是一个平台,是一个托管在线社区的软件。

Aragon 平台不同于 Aragon(用户)社区,也不同于 Aragon 基金会。 Aragon 社区、Aragon Association 和 Aragon Network DAO 都是组织,但它们以不同的方式与 Aragon 平台相关联。 Aragon Association拥有 Aragon 平台,因为它是代码的法定管理者和主要管理者,而 Aragon 社区通过购买代币、投票和软件提交为 Aragon 平台做出贡献。 Aragon Network DAO 是一种正式的媒介,Aragon 社区通过它对提案进行投票。

最后,Aragon 平台托管了许多其他在线社区,并非所有都是 DAO社区。 他是使用 Aragon 的组织的(非全面)列表,以及一些其他工具。

深入了解项目数据:

当 Govbase 团队开始构建 Govbase 时,他们认为不同的项目可以自然得被认为是组织并赋予其特定的治理结构的职能,类似宪章确立的一群人作为有限责任公司、B 公司或非营利组织。但数据并不符合这个逻辑。 在线治理中的大多数项目和平台都没有对应或实施特定的治理结构。 没有实现民主的单一工具或库,尽管有许多不同的公共投票结构实现。

除此之外,Govbase 发现社区往往跨多种工具和平台运作。 例如,单个在线社区可以跨多个平台运营 Discord 实例、Discourse 论坛、Telegram 聊天和社交媒体。 这些工具经常一起出现,如下图的解释。

人们意识到的另一件事是,许多治理项目——尤其是开源项目——来自多个个人和组织之间的有机合作,而不是来自单个开发人员或公司。 这些合作可能非常流畅,并且在网站、回购或合法“所有者”方面通常没有明确定义的界限。 它们对领域外的人是不可见的,因此捕获它们的唯一方法是众包数据。 但这些合作却非常有价值,因为非正式合作通常会演变成成熟的项目。

展望交互性

人们对在线治理领域富有热情,但也很容易错付自己的努力。 对于项目开发的赠款会大量涌现,但项目的生命周期往往却很短。 该领域非常广泛,但缺少组织,因此项目之间有很多重叠性。 非商业工具很少能像商业项目那样打磨,导致开发的工具普遍存在采用性问题。 更多的交互性和重复不是这些问题的唯一答案,但也算是一个答案。

但是,没有一种万能的方法来实现交互性。 最佳策略取决于行业参与者的动机和技术性质。 对于在线治理领域,Govbase 团队认为最好的策略是专注于社区宪法的通用发布标准。 社区已经有了传达该社区治理的方式,无论是固定帖子、权威用户的评论还是正式的宪法。 如果在安装和设置给定的治理工具时,什么简单的方法可以将该设置及其预期用途发布为通用的、可读的标准呢?

除了对社区有用之外,它还有助于阐明不同治理工具如何交互和交互性操作——发布到计算结构相同部分的工具将享有最低水平的交互性,如果仅在文本级别(这仍然是当前指定大多数治理系统的地方)。 此外,该计算结构可以与社区现有的治理文档相结合,为社区做 Sphinx 目前为代码所做的事情。 想象一个世界,其中每个在线社区都展示了一个标准化的宪法,阐明了其用户的权利和责任,就像每个开源软件项目都展示了一个标准化的软件许可证一样。

团队成员:

l Joshua Tan – 数学家和人工智能研究员,Metagovernance项目的联合创始人,目前 Joshua 正在牛津大学攻读计算机科学博士学位,他是 Compositionality 执行团队的一员,这是一个新的同行评审、开放获取学术期刊,致力于科学和数学构图思想。 近期,Joshua 和 Michael Zargham 发布了 Govbase,这是一个在线治理项目和工具数据库。

-       Twitter Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/joshuaztan/

l Michael Zargham – BlockScience 项目的创始人兼首席执行官,BlockScience Labs 的联合创始人,Michael 曾任 Cross media Works 数据科学总监; 在与 CTO/COO 合作时,他于 2015 年 1 月创立了公司的数据科学团队。最近,Michael 和 Joshua 创立了包含 Govbase 平台的metagovernance项目。

联系方式:

链接:

-       Official website: https://metagov.org/govbase/

-       The database, on Airtable: https://airtable.com/shrgnUrj0dqzZDsOd

-       The project homepage, on Github: https://github.com/thelastjosh/govbase

-       Medium: https://thelastjosh.medium.com/

-       Telegram: https://thelastjosh.medium.com/

Govbase: An Management  Platform for Online Governance Project.

DAOrayaki DAO Research Grant:

Fund Address: 0xCd7da526f5C943126fa9E6f63b7774fA89E88d71

Voting Result:DAO Committee Yes

Grant Amount:200 USD

Category: Govbase, Metagovernance Project, database, Projects, Organizations, Structures, Documents, Policies, interoperability

Contributor:Jones,julie,DAOctor @Daorayaki

Brief Overview About Govbase:

Govbase is an open, crowdsourced database of projects and tools for the governance of online communities. As a section of the major project “metagovernance Project”, it is intended for developers and researchers. Govbase is inspired by and draws on data from several other mapping initiatives, including the Civic Tech Field Guide, Democratic Mediums, Democracy Foundation, CredCatalog, DAOs in the Wild, DAObase, and Participedia. “Govbase” was founded in 2020 by the “Metagovernance Project” team, where this latter is in plain words an interdisciplinary research collective, that includes building standards and infrastructure for digital self-governance.

Project summary:

How the online communities can be runnable? The growing field of online governance answers this question using a range of tools: voting algoritms, social media platforms, community management software, (crypto)economic designs, and even real-world laws. But just what tools are out there, who’s building them, and who’s using them? Govbase, an open, crowdsourced database of projects and tools in online governance has been founded to fulfi these kinds of requirements.

Govbase is a database of projects and tools in online governance. It is intended for developers and researchers. It is suitable for persons which are included in these following concerns:

-       Governance software development – Know what is existed and what is not.

-       Community platform building and financing – follow others accomplishments to get a clear idea.

-       Work on a project – Comparing various different projects.

-       New to online governance – wants to understand what is happening and why it is happening.

While the Govbase can help with all these needs, it was initially built because the team behind it wants to understand the opportunities for collaboration and interoperability in the small but growing ecosystem of activists, technologists, and scientists who work in online governance.

Basic Information:

Govbase is organized into three main tables: Projects, Organizations, and Structures. Below we explain them briefly one by one according to the team description.

-       Projects: Includes a wide range of software and research projects involved in online governance, from forum software like Disclosure to computational tools like SourceCred and cadCAD to blockchain projects like DAOstack to community platforms like Open Collective. The goal of the Projects table is to include all the tools and projects relevant to online governance.

-       Organizations: is a non-comprehensive list of offline companies, nonprofits, and funders like Enspiral and the Free Software Foundation as well as online communities like 1Hive, r/teenagers, and Nurfed. The goal of the Organizations table is not to list all the organizations working in online governance, much less all the online communities on the Internet, but to provide context for the Projects table.

-       Structure: is a grab-bag of concepts and governance forms (a.k.a institutional patterns) from social science, loosely organized by a subset-superset relation (“Is subset of”), a part-whole relation (“Is component of”), and by social ontology (“Belongs to ontology”). For now, it’s mainly a source of labels for Projects.

Table

Description

Examples

Projects

Platforms, software, and research related to online communities

Discourse, SourceCred, Open Collective, Aragon

Organizations

Organizations and communities that develop, use, or fund projects

Enspiral, MetaGame, Knight Foundation

Structures

Concepts from social science, used as a source of labels for projects

Quadratic voting, futarchy, online community

View

Description

Link

Intended for

Governance projects by development status

Projects, classified into work-in-progress, active, inactive, dead

Link to view

Everybody

DAOs in the Wild v2

An extension of Burrrata’s DAOs in the Wild.

Link to view

DAO creators, designers, researchers

How open is your infrastructure?

Communities ranked by their usage of open-source tools

Link to view

Community operators, open-source advocates

Funders in online governance

Who funds who?

Link to view

Developers of governance tools

Building blocks of governance

Building blocks of governance, according to different thinkers and designers

Link to view

Political philosophers

In addition to these main tables, the teams also put an effort in adding two other tables named as “Documents”, “Policies, where the Documents table covers the written aspects of governance, from licenses to codes of conduct to existing constitutions while from the other hand, Policies covers the settings and configurations of community platforms and governance software. Govbase will be able to store and display both, serving as a kind of registry for computational constitutions much as the Constitute Project serves as a registry for national constitutions.

Table

Description

Examples

Documents

Published text documents, including code, that relate directly to the governance of an organization or project

License of Python, Code of Conduct of Social.coop, Bylaws of OpenStack Foundation, Executable code of Tezos

Policies

Published settings and configurations of community platforms and governance software

1Hive’s instantiation of conviction voting, channels in MetaGame Discord

As its core, Govbase is organized as a mapping from a list of software projects to a list of governance structures – so if users want to create a DAO, they can query Govbase with “DAO” and it will return a list of DAO frameworks. But it is also a visual map of software projects in online governance, one that represents a project’s nearest neighbors by function (Aragon, DAOstack, and MolochDAO are all DAO frameworks), by usage (it turns out a lot of communities use Discord and Discourse together), by funding (Gitcoin has helped fund a number of governance projects) and by current dependencies / interop (ActivityPub is a “dependency” of many decentralized social platforms). These maps are important tools for understanding the fast-changing, polycentric collaborations between the many stakeholders in online governance; they can help navigate and form new collaborations in response to new needs or shared goals.

Walkthrough the usage of Govbase with the Aragon network as an example:

Aragon is a DAO framework, meaning it’s a tool for implementing DAOs. It’s a software project operating on Ethereum and built in Soliditiy, it’s a platform, by which it’s a piece of software that hosts online communities.

Aragon the platform is different from the Aragon (user) community, which is again different from the Aragon Foundation. The Aragon community, the Aragon Association, and the Aragon Network DAO are all organizations, but they’re related to Aragon the platform in different ways. The Aragon Association owns Aragon the platform in that it is the legal steward and principal governor of the code, while the Aragon community contributes to Aragon the platform through buying tokens, through voting, and through software commits. The Aragon Network DAO is a formal medium through which the Aragon community votes on proposals.

Finally, Aragon the platform hosts a number of other online communities, not all of which are DAOs. He is a (non-comprehensive) list of the organizations that use Aragon, along with some of the other tools that they use.

Delving into the projects data:

When the Govbase team started building Govbase, they thought that different projects could naturally be thought of as functions that take an organization and give it a particular governance structure, kind of like a charter establishes a group of people as an LLC, a B corp, or a nonprofit. But the data didn’t fit this hypothesis. Most projects and platforms in online governance don’t correspond to or implement a specific governance structure. There’s no single tool or library that implements a democracy, though there are a bunch of different implementations of common voting structures.

In addition to that, Govbase found out that communities tend to operate across many tools and platforms. For example, a single online community may operate a Discord instance, a Discourse forum, a Telegram chat, and a social media presence across multiple platforms. These tools often show up together as the figure below simply explain.

Another thing that was realised was that many governance projects – especially he open-source ones – emerged from organic collaborations between several individuals and organizations rather than from a single developer or company. These collaborations can be incredibly fluid and often don’t have well-defined boundaries in terms of a website, a repo, or a legal “owner”. They are invisible to people outside the field, so the only way to capture them is to crowdsource the data. But these collaborations are incredibly valuable, since informal collaborations often evolve into full-fledged projects.

Looking towards interoperability:

There’s a lot of passion in the field of online governance, but there’s also a lot of misdirected effort. Grant money for development comes in bursts, so projects tend to have short life-cycles. The field is very wide and not particularly well-organized, so there’s a lot of overlap between projects. And non-commercial tools rarely get the kind of polish more commercial projects have, leading to endemic adoption issues for the tools that do get developed. More interoperability and more re-use is not the only answer to these problems, but it is one answer.

However, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to achieve interoperability. The best strategy depends on the motives of industry players and the nature of the technology. For the field of online governance, Govbase team believes that the best strategy is to focus on a common publishing standard for community constitutions. Communities already have ways of communicating the governance of that community, whether in pinned posts, comments by authoritative users, or a formal constitution. What if, upon installing and setting up a given governance tool, there was an easy way of publishing that set-up and its intended usage to a common, readable standard?

Besides being useful for communities, it would help clarify how different governance tools interact and interoperate — tools that publish to the same sections of a computational constitution would enjoy a minimal level of interoperability, if only at the level of text (which is still where most governance systems are currently specified). Further, that computational constitution could be spliced with the governance documents that communities already produce, doing for communities what Sphinx currently does for code. Imagine a world in which every online community displayed a standardized constitution that articulated the rights and responsibilities of its users, much as every open-source software project displays a standardized software license.

For the community, by the community:

Govbase is designed to be shared database. It was built to foster collaborations and interoperability, but the team sincerely believe that the most accurate and authoritative database is one that can serve a bunch of different needs. So if the database is not useful to users right now but it could be with some new columns or a new view, they can always let know the team behind Govbase.

Projects founders also are welcomed to submit their projects to the Govbase database anytime and anyplace, due to the fact of the internet being a big place for the team to cover all.

Team members:

-       Joshua Tan – Mathematician and AI researcher, Co-founder of the Metagovernance Project, Currently Joshua is doing a PhD in computer science at Oxford at Oxford, he is a part of the executive team at Compositionality, a new peer-reviewed, open-access academic journal dedicated to compositional ideas in science and mathematics. Recently Joshua and Michael Zargham released Govbase, a database of projects and tools in online governance.

-       Twitter Account: https://www.linkedin.com/in/joshuaztan/

-       Michael Zargham – Founder and CEO of the BlockScience project and the Co-Founder of BlockScience Labs, Formerly, Michael was the Director of Data science at Cross mediaWorks; working with CTO/COO, he founded the firm’s data science team in January 2015. Recently Michael and Joshua founded the metagovernance project that includes Govbase platform.

Contact Information:

Some links for easy access:

-       Official website: https://metagov.org/govbase/

-       The database, on Airtable: https://airtable.com/shrgnUrj0dqzZDsOd

-       The project homepage, on Github: https://github.com/thelastjosh/govbase

-       Medium: https://thelastjosh.medium.com/

-       Telegram: https://thelastjosh.medium.com/


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